Securing Heavy Objects
CLIA’s oceangoing members have adopted a policy to incorporate procedures into their Safety Management Systems to help ensure the securing of heavy objects either permanently, when not in use, or during heavy/severe weather, as appropriate. Under this policy, a person or persons are to oversee a deck by deck inspection to identify unsecured and potentially hazardous heavy objects. Integral to the procedures is a list of identified objects which have a significant potential to cause injury.
Shipboard personnel should apply good seamanship in identifying additional items to be secured. Attention should be given to muster stations, evacuation routes, and lifeboat embarkation stations as a ship emergency could give rise to conditions that differ from ship motions caused by heavy/severe weather.
Consideration should also be given to development of a guidance document to assist in the identification of heavy objects and the most adequate methods for securing them. An example of this guidance document is attached in the annex. This annex is only intended to provide an example for one method of implementing this policy.
Practices and procedures for securing heavy objects should be monitored by each Head of Department and/or as otherwise specified by the ship’s command structure, and during routine shipboard inspections and audits.
Heavy/severe weather should be clearly defined under the company policy taking into account the size of the ship, operational profiles, and other information. In defining heavy/severe weather, appropriate deference should be given to the judgment of the Captain.
CLIA is the world's largest cruise industry trade association and is dedicated to the promotion of a safe and secure cruise ship environment. CLIA is composed of cruise lines serving North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Australasia for whom the safety of guests and crew has no higher priority. With the advice and consent of its membership, CLIA advances policies intended to enhance shipboard safety, in some cases calling for best practices in excess of existing legal requirements. CLIA’s members recognize the differences in structure of vessels and operations which exist among the member cruise lines, and that the on board and shoreside management of each member line therefore determines its best practices under the circumstances presented.
SAMPLE STRUCTURE OF A GUIDANCE DOCUMENT
TO ASSIST IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF HEAVY OBJECTS
AND THE MOST ADEQUATE METHOD FOR SECURING THEM
Guidance document(s) should consider the following three elements, in addition to any other relevant information.
- Heavy Objects. The following list is an example of some heavy objects that may be identified and secured in accordance with company policy. In this sample listing, the objects are grouped by those that should be permanently secured, always secured when not in use, and those to be secured in heavy weather. Heavy objects that have been identified include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Heavy objects that should be permanently secured.
- Heavy plant pots, sculptures, TVs, cash machines, laundromat equipment, slot machines, and game machines such as in teen recreation areas.
- Display stands and racks.
- Treatment tables, heavy standalone product displays, treadmills, exercise weight racks, and weight lifting machines.
- Pianos, lounge speakers, and back-stage scenery equipment.
- Heavy objects that should be secured at all times when not in use.
- Trolleys and forklift trucks.
- Paint rafts, gangways, and deck trash containers.
- X-ray scanners.
- Cylinder heads, pistons, charge air coolers, heavy chemical containers, and heavy fan impellers.
- Gas bottles (refrigerant, oxygen, acetylene, CO2, etc.)
- Heavy objects not otherwise secured that should be secured for heavy weather.
- Loose objects on display.
- Temporary decorations.
- Items brought aboard temporarily as part of shows.
- Materials/equipment onboard as part of repairs/refurbishment.
- Securing Methods.
- Consideration should be given to the strength and appropriateness of each point of attachment to which the heavy objects are secured.
- Consideration should be given to the following list of securing methods. Additional securing methods appropriate to the objects to be secured should be identified and used as necessary. Examples are as follows; however, additional methods should be identified and included as appropriate.
A−Latch type gate hook and eye bracket mounted on bulkhead or vertical surface.
B−Ratchet strap and eye brackets mounted on bulkhead or vertical surface.
C−Rope secured to object and adjacent suitable securing surface.
D−Contained in metal rack-type shelving system.
E−Suction cup and bracket, ratchet strap, chain, etc.
F−Permanent securing such as bolting to bulkhead or deck.
- Various. A list of specific heavy objects that have been identified by the company during surveys and inspections and that require particular attention.
The terms “muster” and “assembly” are used interchangeably and therefore are synonymous for this purpose.